Title: Intelligent garment and environment
Project funding: Ministry of Science, Education and Sports
Project Leader: Prof. Dubravko Rogale, Ph.D.
Investigations, construction and development of intelligent article of clothing related to its direct environment by developing an adaptable bed, adaptable ironing machine and measuring instrument for multiaxial testing physical-mechanical properties of technical textile and joined parts. The purpose of the project is that a research team makes researches resulting in a construction and realization of the first intelligent garment whose basic function is active thermal protection. It contains a sensor system for monitoring the values of air temperature inside and outside of the garment, data bus for data transfer, microcomputer and micro controller, and execution devices for the automatic regulation of thermal protection value. Controlling conduction and convection of the heat of the human body regulates thermal protection in such a way that based on anthropometric measurements several types of various air thermo insulation elastic chambers are constructed which are integrated into the construction of the garment between the outer shell and lining. Thermoinsulation chambers consist of several segments and have a twofold function so that by inflating sealing properties are assumed, and the heat loss of the human body by convection can be regulated and the thickness of the air chambers can be changed by program, whereby the heat loss of the human body by conduction can to be regulated. Micropneumatic elements and the chambers would be equipped with sensors of air pressure integrated into them, because depending on air pressure values in the chambers there will be defined chamber forms, their sealing properties and thickness on which thermal resistance depends. Investigations would prove that the integration and efficient joint operation of the integrated sensors, microcomputers with associated algorithms of intelligent behaviour and actuators so that an independent action of the garment is realized with the aim of thermal protection whereby the garment would have the attribute of active, adaptable and intelligent behaviour in variable temperature conditions. Communication possibilities of intelligent garment with the environment would be examined and an intelligent sick bed, adaptable ironing-machine and an instrument for testing load would be developed. They would practically use the same or very similar sensor, computer and micropneumatic actuator systems, connection techniques, constructions and design as well as intelligent garment.
Key words: intelligent garment, active thermal protection, micropneumatic system