Title: Interface Phenomena of Active Multifunctional
Project funding: Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports
Project Leader: Professor Ana Marija Grancarić, PhD
The goal of the project is synergistic effects of some compounds on modified textile surfaces for achieving multifunctionality of textiles. Interface phenomena of textile surfaces with special accent to surface free energy, zeta potential, electroconductivity, adsorption and desorption of surfactants and other compounds usually used in textile finishing will give a great contribution to multifunctionality of textile. The mechanism of adsorption and desorption of tenzides and other finishing agents on modified textile surfaces is expected to be clarified in the present project.
Different surface modifications, pretreatment and finishing of textile, especially cotton and polyester, will be performed according to European Technology Platform for the future of textile and clothing. For such purpose advance processes like mercerization, cationization, alkali, EDTA, other compounds and enzymes for surface hydrolysis of PET fabric, optical bleaching, implementation of nano antimicrobial active silver ions and mineral delivery mechanism, zeolite and others will be performed. Aminofunctional and other compounds will be added to azalides for the synergistic high antimicrobial effects. In cotton pretreatment enzymatic scouring will be applied using enzymes pectinase and the newest cutinase, for removal of pectins and bioplymers from cotton impurities with lipophylic character, instead of ecologically unfavorable alkali scouring. The goal of the project is synergistic effects of some compounds on modified textile surface.
Interface phenomena of the new textile materials produced from electroconductive, low electro resistance fibers will be investigated for the purpose of static electricity and electromagnetic protection and for its implementation as sensors or other electronic devices in intelligent textiles. Traditional protection and aesthetic role of textile will be spread in active textile multifunctionality.
Project will deal with elektrokinetic phenomena (zeta potential, isoelectric point, IEP, point of zero charge, PZC, surface electrical charge, surface free energy), hydrophility and hydrophobilicity, whiteness, fluorescence and phosphorescence, friction, fabric cover factor, elasticity, air and water vapor permeability of textile materials and their protection on UV radiation, microbes and fungi, coldness, heat and flame, static electricity and electromagnetic field.
|Antimicrobial and antifungal activity of cotton knitted fabrics treated with antiseptics|
Key words:textile material interface phenomena surface modification and finishing, multifunctional treatment, protection